Throughout its entire history, physics seems to have never before experienced a boom similar to that brought on by the higher temperature discovery of Bednon and Müller in 1986. Thousands of researchers throughout the world are now striving to outreach one another, conducting hundreds of experiments, solving innumerable equations, and publishing thousands of papers.

Alongside academies and universities, government agencies are also discussing superconductivity problems. What has happened only recently is something that physicists have been seeking for 80 years and what most of them, to tell the truth, had ceased to hope for.

By discovering substances that become superconductors at much higher temperatures than previously, exceeding that of liquid nitrogen (77.4 K), the pathway has been opened up for industrial applications using these new superconducting materials.

In the Soviet Union, the investigation of high-temperature superconductivity has become the number one priority for a great many laboratories. Preliminary experiments have...

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