electrochemical gradients
Animal Electricity, circa 1781
Jessica P. Johnson | Sep 28, 2011 | 2 min read
How an Italian scientist doing Frankenstein-like experiments on dead frogs discovered that the body is powered by electrical impulses.
Making the Gradient
Karen Hopkin | May 25, 2011 | 9 min read
Ron Kaback didn’t believe that electrochemical gradients could power the transport of sugars and amino acids across cell membranes—until he proved that they do.