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In the 1920s, the Institute for Sexual Research in Berlin was a haven for queer people, many of whom came to the institute seeking to express their identities without fear of being imprisoned. This undated photo depicts a costume party at the institute; its founder, Magnus Hirschfeld (second from right, in glasses), can be seen holding hands with his partner, Karl Giese (center).
Trans Medicine, 1919
German physician and sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld founded a revolutionary clinic where transgender people could receive gender-affirming care, but he left behind a complicated medical and scientific legacy.
Trans Medicine, 1919
Trans Medicine, 1919

German physician and sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld founded a revolutionary clinic where transgender people could receive gender-affirming care, but he left behind a complicated medical and scientific legacy.

German physician and sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld founded a revolutionary clinic where transgender people could receive gender-affirming care, but he left behind a complicated medical and scientific legacy.

gender inequality
A person stands on top of a large pile of books, staring down upon another person far away on the ground.
“Extreme Inequality” Entrenched in Academic Hiring: Study
Katherine Irving | Sep 23, 2022 | 2 min read
The United States gets roughly an eighth of its tenure-track professors from just five institutions, according to an analysis of nearly 300,000 faculty.
Office building near water with white roof
Q&A: A Randomized Approach to Awarding Grants
Natalia Mesa, PhD | Feb 25, 2022 | 6 min read
Denmark’s Novo Nordisk Foundation says it hopes that adding a randomization step to its award process will reduce implicit biases in selection and lead to funding more innovative, impactful research.
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NIH Changes Extension Policy to Better Support Women PIs
Chloe Tenn | Sep 20, 2021 | 2 min read
The revision allows more time on previous extensions due to COVID-19 and other life events such as childbirth that disproportionately impact early-career women in science.  
Push to Address Long-Standing Challenges for Parents in STEMM
Amanda Heidt | Jul 21, 2021 | 9 min read
The organizers behind a Mothers in Science conference say that it’s time academia provide more support to researchers who are pregnant or looking after children.
Opinion: Can Prizes Help Women Shatter Science’s Glass Ceiling?
Marja Makarow | Oct 2, 2019 | 3 min read
As we await the announcement of the 2019 Nobel Prize winners, it’s time to question why female scientists still lag behind their male colleagues.
an illustration of a ladder with rungs missing
Gender Inequity Persists in STEM
Shawna Williams | Sep 6, 2019 | 2 min read
A study finds women continue to be underrepresented among science, engineering, and math professors, despite making up more than half the student population in these fields.
survey diversity and inclusion activity university professor faculty institution results activities
Faculty Value Diversity, Though Time and Funding Are Barriers
Chia-Yi Hou | Jun 3, 2019 | 3 min read
A study finds professors from underrepresented groups more actively engage in diversity and inclusion activities.
More than 8,000 Have Joined “Request a Woman Scientist” Database
Chia-Yi Hou | Apr 24, 2019 | 2 min read
In a survey, 11 percent of participants say they have been contacted for media interviews, panels, and other opportunities.
a woman working in a lab
Study Finds Gender Imbalances in First-Time NIH Awards
Shawna Williams | Mar 8, 2019 | 2 min read
Overall, men received more money on average, but R01s were an exception.
a fountain surrounded by concrete buildings on the Salk campus
Salk Gender-Discrimination Lawsuit to Go to Trial
Shawna Williams | Sep 4, 2018 | 1 min read
A judge throws out several of researcher Beverly Emerson’s claims, but the case proceeds.
Women Less Successful When Applying for Patents
Diana Kwon | Apr 18, 2018 | 3 min read
An investigation of 2.7 million patent submissions in the U.S. finds gender disparities throughout the application process.
PNAS Editor-in-Chief Placed on Leave
Katarina Zimmer | Jan 4, 2018 | 2 min read
In a gender discrmination lawsuit against the Salk Institute, a female scientist alleges that biologist Inder Verma was dismissive of his female colleagues. 
Gender Differences in Research Productivity
Yu Xie | Sep 26, 1999 | 3 min read
Numerous studies have found that female scientists publish at slower rates than male scientists. In a classic statement of the problem, Jonathan Cole and Harriet Zuckerman characterize this gender gap in publication rates as "the productivity puzzle."
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