BRAZZAVILLE, CONGO—The continent’s leading scientists and technology experts have agreed to form a Pan-African Union of Science and Technology to apply their knowledge to the enormous economic problems facing their developing countries.

The decision was made at the end of an unprecedented week-long meeting here coordinated by the Organization of African Unity (OAU). The First Congress of African Scientists was funded in part by UNESCO, the United Nations Development Program and the Congolese government.

The union grew out of a declaration on science and technology adopted unanimously June 30 by the 400 delegates. It calls for a ‘‘non—governmental union’’ that will serve as a “network and federation of African scientific and technological institutions working for African development.” Congolese biologist and ecologist Levy Makani will serve as secretary-general of the union.

A committee was formed to develop criteria for membership. The 19-member group, to be chaired by Edward Eyensu of Ghana,...

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