The initiation of chromosome replication is exquisitely regulated in both time and location. It has been estimated that there are 200-400 autosomal replication sequence elements (ARSs) in the yeast genome that act as replication origins. Although they share some common sequence features, origins are difficult to predict from genomic sequence. In the October 5 Science, Raghuraman et al., from the University of Washington in Seattle, describe a microarray-based approach to investigate the kinetics of replication across the entire budding yeast genome (Science 2001, 294:115-121).

They used isotopically dense culture medium to isolate replicated and unreplicated DNA at different points during S phase of the cell cycle, and hybridized the DNA to oligonucleotide microarrays. In this way they could define the replication profile of a chromosome and the time and location of many origins, as well as information about the rate and direction of replication-fork migration.


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