Vasculitis is a key pathogenic element in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and results from activation of immune system triggered by unknown molecular mechanisms. In July Annals of Rheumatic Diseases, Miyata and colleagues at the Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima City, Japan, show that oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) containing the CpG motif in the sera of patients with SLE may be implicated in vasculitis through activation of proinflammatory cytokines and expression of ICAM-1.

Miyata et al. transfected human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EC) with a CpG-ODN or a control analogue, GpC-ODN. They measured ICAM-1 expression by flow cytometry, and mRNA for interleukin 1 (IL1), IL6, IL8, tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interferon β (IFNβ) and ICAM-1 by semiquantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. The CpG-ODN transfection augmented the expression of ICAM-1 on EC and increased mRNA levels of IL6, IL8, TNFα, IFNβ and ICAM-1. GpC-ODN had no effect (Ann...

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