The Chinese government and publishing industry are determined to weed out misconduct and bad publishing practices from the more than 5,000 of the country’s scholarly journals by committing to be more vigilant and implementing punishments such as blacklisting and the public disclosure of misconduct. In a statement issued by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST) in Beijing earlier this month, the association vowed that its 1,050 affiliated journals will adhere to CAST guidelines set in 2009—which outlined various forms of misconduct and their associated penalties.

“The declaration will purify the academic environment to create first-class medical journals, thus achieving social and economic benefits,” Suning You, president of the Chinese Medical Association Publishing House in Beijing, told Nature.

The Chinese government has also in the last few years announced plans to dissolve some of the country's most problematic journals (although, Nature noted, it has yet to do so) and, starting later this year, will...

“Many are just commercial journals, just there to make money,” Chun-Hua Yan, associate editor-in-chief of the CAST-administered Journal of Rare Earths, told Nature. “We cannot make an announcement that ‘these are bad journals’ but we can show the right way to publish.”

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