News

Meeting On Science Conduct Seen As A Noble Attempt That Fell Short
Meeting On Science Conduct Seen As A Noble Attempt That Fell Short
Meeting On Science Conduct Seen As A Noble Attempt That Fell Short Author: Franklin Hoke, pp.1 Attendees praise conveners' good intentions but say the gathering lacked substance Participants are praising last month's "Convocation on Scientific Conduct" and the meeting's hosts, National Academy of Sciences (NAS) president Bruce Alberts and Institute of Medicine (IOM) head Kenneth Shine, for placing research ethics firmly on their
Uncertainty Marks DOE Scientists' Efforts To Adapt, As Their Labs Take On New Missions, New Objectives
Uncertainty Marks DOE Scientists' Efforts To Adapt, As Their Labs Take On New Missions, New Objectives
The National Labs: Past, Present, and Future The Department of Energy has some 43 laboratories and weapons facilities. The nine multiprogram labs are the largest and most famous research institutions. These are the labs whose futures are being contemplated by the task force led by former Motorola Inc. chairman Robert Galvin and commissioned by Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary. (Figures are from 1993 unless otherwise stated.) Argo
Uncertainty Marks DOE Scientists' Efforts To Adapt, As Their Labs Take On New Missions, New Objectives
Uncertainty Marks DOE Scientists' Efforts To Adapt, As Their Labs Take On New Missions, New Objectives
The National Labs: Past, Present, and Future The Department of Energy has some 43 laboratories and weapons facilities. The nine multiprogram labs are the largest and most famous research institutions. These are the labs whose futures are being contemplated by the task force led by former Motorola Inc. chairman Robert Galvin and commissioned by Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary. (Figures are from 1993 unless otherwise stated.) Argo
Woman Biologist's Success In A Discrimination Suit Adds Weight To Findings On Science And Parenthood
Woman Biologist's Success In A Discrimination Suit Adds Weight To Findings On Science And Parenthood
Adds Weight To Findings On Science And Parenthood Author: Barbara Spector, pp.1 Judge's ruling against Vassar College supports studies showing that wives and mothers can also be productive scientists For a century, female researchers have been disputing the notion that marriage and motherhood are impediments to serious scientific work. Over the past several decades, sociological studies have emerged to bolster their position. Th
Meeting On Science Conduct Seen As A Noble Attempt That Fell Short
Meeting On Science Conduct Seen As A Noble Attempt That Fell Short
Meeting On Science Conduct Seen As A Noble Attempt That Fell Short Author: Franklin Hoke, pp.1 Attendees praise conveners' good intentions but say the gathering lacked substance Participants are praising last month's "Convocation on Scientific Conduct" and the meeting's hosts, National Academy of Sciences (NAS) president Bruce Alberts and Institute of Medicine (IOM) head Kenneth Shine, for placing research ethics firmly on their
Woman Biologist's Success In A Discrimination Suit Adds Weight To Findings On Science And Parenthood
Woman Biologist's Success In A Discrimination Suit Adds Weight To Findings On Science And Parenthood
Adds Weight To Findings On Science And Parenthood Author: Barbara Spector, pp.1 Judge's ruling against Vassar College supports studies showing that wives and mothers can also be productive scientists For a century, female researchers have been disputing the notion that marriage and motherhood are impediments to serious scientific work. Over the past several decades, sociological studies have emerged to bolster their position. Th
Bioengineers Soon To Have Headquarters In Washington, D.C.
Bioengineers Soon To Have Headquarters In Washington, D.C.
Bioengineers Soon To Have Headquarters In Washington, D.C. Author: Karen Young Kreeger, pp.3 The American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE)--an organization representing nearly 15,000 United States engineers, physicians, and scientists-- has received a grant enabling it to set up permanent headquarters in Washington, D.C. Thanks to the funding infusion, institute officials say, biomedical engineering researc
Bioengineers Soon To Have Headquarters In Washington, D.C.
Bioengineers Soon To Have Headquarters In Washington, D.C.
Bioengineers Soon To Have Headquarters In Washington, D.C. Author: Karen Young Kreeger, pp.3 The American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE)--an organization representing nearly 15,000 United States engineers, physicians, and scientists-- has received a grant enabling it to set up permanent headquarters in Washington, D.C. Thanks to the funding infusion, institute officials say, biomedical engineering researc
Family Ties
Family Ties
Adds Weight To Findings On Science And Parenthood Judge's ruling against Vassar College supports studies showing that wives and mothers can also be productive scientists. For a century, female researchers have been disputing the notion that marriage and motherhood are impediments to serious scientific work. Over the past several decades, sociological studies have emerged to bolster their position. These studies have found that marr
Family Ties
Family Ties
Adds Weight To Findings On Science And Parenthood Judge's ruling against Vassar College supports studies showing that wives and mothers can also be productive scientists. For a century, female researchers have been disputing the notion that marriage and motherhood are impediments to serious scientific work. Over the past several decades, sociological studies have emerged to bolster their position. These studies have found that marr
Special-Use Scientific Software Meeting Labs' Niche Needs
Special-Use Scientific Software Meeting Labs' Niche Needs
SUPPLIERS OF SPECIAL-USE SCIENTIFIC SOFTWARE The following companies, as discussed in the accompanying story, offer special-use software for scientists. For product information, please use the reader service card inserted in this issue or fax requests directly to THE SCIENTIST, (215)387-1542. Avian Systems Inc. 1275 15th St., 15G Fort Lee, N.J. 07024-1929 Circle No. 150 on Reader Service Card Control Systems Engineering 334 Pleas
Special-Use Scientific Software Meeting Labs' Niche Needs
Special-Use Scientific Software Meeting Labs' Niche Needs
SUPPLIERS OF SPECIAL-USE SCIENTIFIC SOFTWARE The following companies, as discussed in the accompanying story, offer special-use software for scientists. For product information, please use the reader service card inserted in this issue or fax requests directly to THE SCIENTIST, (215)387-1542. Avian Systems Inc. 1275 15th St., 15G Fort Lee, N.J. 07024-1929 Circle No. 150 on Reader Service Card Control Systems Engineering 334 Pleas

Notebook

Notebook
Notebook
NBS Chief Named Scientific `Genius' Recognized Mentoring By Mail Global Publishing Senate Support Inventive Minds H. Ronald Pulliam, a professor of ecology at the University of Georgia in Athens, has been appointed the first director of the United States Department of Interior's National Biological Survey (NBS). Pulliam, 48, replaces F. Eugene Hester, the acting director of the new agency, which has a staff of more than 1,800. The
Notebook
Notebook
NBS Chief Named Scientific `Genius' Recognized Mentoring By Mail Global Publishing Senate Support Inventive Minds H. Ronald Pulliam, a professor of ecology at the University of Georgia in Athens, has been appointed the first director of the United States Department of Interior's National Biological Survey (NBS). Pulliam, 48, replaces F. Eugene Hester, the acting director of the new agency, which has a staff of more than 1,800. The

Leaders of Science

J.C.Hunter-Cevera
J.C.Hunter-Cevera
J.C. Hunter-Cevera President of the Society for Industrial Microbiology Annandale, VA President, United States Federation of Culture Collections El Cerrito, CA. Co-Founder of BioDynamics, El Cerrit, CA. With the growing recognition of biodiversity's critical importance to ecological balance and economic growth, the role that microbes play is receiving new appreciation in the scientific community. J.C. Hunter-Cevera is committed t
J.C.Hunter-Cevera
J.C.Hunter-Cevera
J.C. Hunter-Cevera President of the Society for Industrial Microbiology Annandale, VA President, United States Federation of Culture Collections El Cerrito, CA. Co-Founder of BioDynamics, El Cerrit, CA. With the growing recognition of biodiversity's critical importance to ecological balance and economic growth, the role that microbes play is receiving new appreciation in the scientific community. J.C. Hunter-Cevera is committed t

Opinion

Scientists' Competitive Behavior Is Not Peculiar To Our Competitive Age
Scientists' Competitive Behavior Is Not Peculiar To Our Competitive Age
Scientists' Competitive Behavior Is Not Peculiar To Our Competitive Age Author: Robert K. Merton, pp.12 century, America's preeminent science historian/sociologist, Robert K. Merton, has played a valuably instructive role in analyzing the processes of science and in elucidating the research world's manners and mores. The recipient of many awards, the 84-year-old Merton-- University Professor Emeritus at Columbia University in New
Scientists' Competitive Behavior Is Not Peculiar To Our Competitive Age
Scientists' Competitive Behavior Is Not Peculiar To Our Competitive Age
Scientists' Competitive Behavior Is Not Peculiar To Our Competitive Age Author: Robert K. Merton, pp.12 century, America's preeminent science historian/sociologist, Robert K. Merton, has played a valuably instructive role in analyzing the processes of science and in elucidating the research world's manners and mores. The recipient of many awards, the 84-year-old Merton-- University Professor Emeritus at Columbia University in New

Commentary

The Next Frontier For Women In Science: A Room At The Top
The Next Frontier For Women In Science: A Room At The Top
The Next Frontier For Women In Science: A Room At The Top Author: Jaleh Daie, pp.13 Date: July 25, 1994 It is encouraging that in some scientific fields--biology, for example--women are now earning graduate degrees in proportionate numbers to men. Likewise encouraging are figures showing recent increases in the number of female Ph.D. recipients; in 1993, 27 percent of all science, math, and engineering doctorates were awarded to w
The Next Frontier For Women In Science: A Room At The Top
The Next Frontier For Women In Science: A Room At The Top
The Next Frontier For Women In Science: A Room At The Top Author: Jaleh Daie, pp.13 Date: July 25, 1994 It is encouraging that in some scientific fields--biology, for example--women are now earning graduate degrees in proportionate numbers to men. Likewise encouraging are figures showing recent increases in the number of female Ph.D. recipients; in 1993, 27 percent of all science, math, and engineering doctorates were awarded to w

Letter

NSF's Programs For Women
NSF's Programs For Women
NSF's Programs For Women Author: Jane Zimmer Daniels, pp.13 I read the letter of Judith S. Weis (The Scientist, May 16, 1994, page 13) with regret that she is apparently not aware of recent, and very positive, changes in the National Science Foundation's educational programs for women. The information upon which she based her letter is no longer accurate. In 1993 NSF established a new component in the Human Resource Development D
NSF's Programs For Women
NSF's Programs For Women
NSF's Programs For Women Author: Jane Zimmer Daniels, pp.13 I read the letter of Judith S. Weis (The Scientist, May 16, 1994, page 13) with regret that she is apparently not aware of recent, and very positive, changes in the National Science Foundation's educational programs for women. The information upon which she based her letter is no longer accurate. In 1993 NSF established a new component in the Human Resource Development D

Research

One Year Later, The Hantavirus Investigation Continues
One Year Later, The Hantavirus Investigation Continues
on the hantavirus--a mysterious microbe that last year caused the sudden deaths of more than a dozen men and women in the southwest United States. Part 1, presented in the July 11, 1994, edition of The Scientist (page 14), described the effective cooperation among scientists to identify the microorganism. This article provides an account of how the research community is following up on hantavirus studies and what the prospects are
One Year Later, The Hantavirus Investigation Continues
One Year Later, The Hantavirus Investigation Continues
on the hantavirus--a mysterious microbe that last year caused the sudden deaths of more than a dozen men and women in the southwest United States. Part 1, presented in the July 11, 1994, edition of The Scientist (page 14), described the effective cooperation among scientists to identify the microorganism. This article provides an account of how the research community is following up on hantavirus studies and what the prospects are

Hot Paper

Neuroscience
Neuroscience
P. Ernfors, J.-P. Merlio, H. Persson, "Cells expressing mRNA for neurotrophins and their receptors during embryonic rat development," European Journal of Neuroscience, 4:1140-58, 1992. Patrik Ernfors (Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, Mass.): "Previous studies by other researchers have shown that neurotrophins can prevent the cell death of partially overlapping, but also specific, sets of neurons in culture.
Molecular Biology
Molecular Biology
D.H. Fremont, M. Matsumura, E.A. Stura, P.A. Peterson, I.A. Wilson, "Crystal structures of two viral peptides in complex with murine MHC class I H-2Kb," Science, 257:919-27, 1992. Ian A. Wilson (Department of Molecular Biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, Calif.): "One of the major issues in molecular immunology is determining how a limited number of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules in any individual can
Neuroscience
Neuroscience
P. Ernfors, J.-P. Merlio, H. Persson, "Cells expressing mRNA for neurotrophins and their receptors during embryonic rat development," European Journal of Neuroscience, 4:1140-58, 1992. Patrik Ernfors (Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, Mass.): "Previous studies by other researchers have shown that neurotrophins can prevent the cell death of partially overlapping, but also specific, sets of neurons in culture.
Molecular Biology
Molecular Biology
D.H. Fremont, M. Matsumura, E.A. Stura, P.A. Peterson, I.A. Wilson, "Crystal structures of two viral peptides in complex with murine MHC class I H-2Kb," Science, 257:919-27, 1992. Ian A. Wilson (Department of Molecular Biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, Calif.): "One of the major issues in molecular immunology is determining how a limited number of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules in any individual can

New Products

New Products
New Products
Micro-Tech Scientific Introduces New Reciprocating Pump For Chromatography Sequence-Analysis Software From IntelliGenetics Zeiss' Kontron KS Intuitive Image-Analysis Systems RGB Spectrum Unveils ComputerWall Multiscreen Computer Graphics Processor Stat-Ease Issues New Version Of DESIGN-EASE Software For Windows And Macintosh Bel-Art Products Redesigns Pipetting Aid Nanoprobes Offers Gold-Compound Reagent XYNTEK Expands Capacity Of Sp
New Products
New Products
Micro-Tech Scientific Introduces New Reciprocating Pump For Chromatography Sequence-Analysis Software From IntelliGenetics Zeiss' Kontron KS Intuitive Image-Analysis Systems RGB Spectrum Unveils ComputerWall Multiscreen Computer Graphics Processor Stat-Ease Issues New Version Of DESIGN-EASE Software For Windows And Macintosh Bel-Art Products Redesigns Pipetting Aid Nanoprobes Offers Gold-Compound Reagent XYNTEK Expands Capacity Of Sp

Profession

NSF-Funded Summer Camps Encourage Minority Students
NSF-Funded Summer Camps Encourage Minority Students
For Jack Weyland, a physics professor at Ricks College in Rexburg, Idaho, summer has become the most rewarding season of the year. During his vacation, he spends several weeks teaching science classes to American Indian youngsters at a camp run by the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology in Rapid City, S.D. The camp is funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation as part of a program launched in 1992. "There are a
NSF-Funded Summer Camps Encourage Minority Students
NSF-Funded Summer Camps Encourage Minority Students
For Jack Weyland, a physics professor at Ricks College in Rexburg, Idaho, summer has become the most rewarding season of the year. During his vacation, he spends several weeks teaching science classes to American Indian youngsters at a camp run by the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology in Rapid City, S.D. The camp is funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation as part of a program launched in 1992. "There are a
People : Shea Foundation Recognizes Engvall For Developing Enzyme-linked Assays, Biopharmaceutics Researcher Receives Inaugural Award From FIP; Obituary
People : Shea Foundation Recognizes Engvall For Developing Enzyme-linked Assays, Biopharmaceutics Researcher Receives Inaugural Award From FIP; Obituary
Shea Foundation Recognizes Engvall For Developing Enzyme-linked Assays Biopharmaceutics Researcher Receives Inaugural Award From FIP James B. Pollack, Obituary Date: July 25, 1994, pp.22 Eva Engvall, a senior staff scientist at the La Jolla Cancer Research Foundation in California, received an award for scientific achievement from the Edmund and Mary Shea Family Foundation of Walnut, Calif., on July 7 for her invention of the
People : Shea Foundation Recognizes Engvall For Developing Enzyme-linked Assays, Biopharmaceutics Researcher Receives Inaugural Award From FIP; Obituary
People : Shea Foundation Recognizes Engvall For Developing Enzyme-linked Assays, Biopharmaceutics Researcher Receives Inaugural Award From FIP; Obituary
Shea Foundation Recognizes Engvall For Developing Enzyme-linked Assays Biopharmaceutics Researcher Receives Inaugural Award From FIP James B. Pollack, Obituary Date: July 25, 1994, pp.22 Eva Engvall, a senior staff scientist at the La Jolla Cancer Research Foundation in California, received an award for scientific achievement from the Edmund and Mary Shea Family Foundation of Walnut, Calif., on July 7 for her invention of the