LONDON — The US National Academy of Sciences today announced the election of 72 new members and 15 foreign associates, in a list that includes both rising stars and venerable researchers.

Vernon Ingram at the Biochemistry Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology — sometimes referred to as the 'The Father of Molecular Medicine' for his seminal work in identifying the single amino acid mutation that causes sickle cell anemia — is elected, 53 years after receiving his PhD and 32 years after his election to the Royal Society in London. In contrast, Yale University's Jennifer Doudna, has been elected to the Academy in recognition of her work in elucidating the structure and function of ribozymes and RNA-protein complexes only 13 years on from becoming a PhD.

Also elected is Pat Brown from the Department of Biochemistry, Stanford University School of Medicine. It was his team that developed the microarray...

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