The exceptionally well-preserved female horned lark carcass was discovered in a mining tunnel in the Belaya Gora region of Siberia.

An ancient bird preserved in a Siberian permafrost deposit has a partial mitochondrial gene that 100 percent matches that of the present-day horned lark (Eremophila alpestris), according to a study published on February 21 in Communications Biology. The bird was genetically identified as a female and radiocarbon dated to approximately 44,000–49,000 years old.

“Not only can we identify the bird as a horned lark,” says coauthor and zoologist Nicolas Dussex of Stockholm University in a press release. “The genetic analysis also suggests that the bird belonged to a population that was a joint ancestor of two subspecies of horned lark living today, one in Siberia, and one in the steppe in Mongolia. This helps us understand how...

N. Dussex et al., “Biomolecular analyses reveal the age, sex and species identity of a near-intact Pleistocene bird carcass,” Communications Biologydoi:10.1038/s42003-020-0806-7, 2020.

Amy Schleunes is an intern at The Scientist. Email her at

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