Some of the consequences of light pollution are immediate and obvious—for example, a moth that flies into a streetlamp may die on impact. But there are also less visible, possibly more damaging effects, such as changes to predator-prey and plant-pollinator relationships that can reverberate through ecosystems.

© lucy conklin
Fatal attraction
Illuminated skyscrapers and spotlights can lure migrating birds. Animals may become disoriented and end up in deadly collisions or perish from exhaustion.
Dining by streetlight
Streetlamps, floodlights, and other luminous objects attract a wide range of insects at night. Predators home in on light-loving swarms to take advantage of the congregated prey.
Lonely nights
Nighttime lighting drives away some nocturnal pollinators, reducing the ability of plants in lit areas to bear fruit.
Shifting communities
Artificial illumination at night can increase the proportion of microorganisms in freshwater sediments that are able to photosynthesize under low light...

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