Cover Story

Changing Oceans Breed Disease
Changing Oceans Breed Disease
Christie Wilcox | Jul 1, 2016
In the planet’s warming and acidifying oceans, species from corals to lobsters and fish are succumbing to pathogenic infection.

Features

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?
What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?
Barbara E. Corkey | Jul 1, 2016
Insulin resistance and high levels of insulin and lipids all precede the development of metabolic dysfunction. Which metabolic factor is to blame?
Immune Cell–Stem Cell Cooperation
Immune Cell–Stem Cell Cooperation
Sarthak Sinha, Jeff Biernaskie, Waleed Rahmani | Jul 1, 2016
Understanding interactions between the immune system and stem cells could pave the way for successful stem cell–based regenerative therapies.

Contributors

Contributors
Contributors
Contributors
Meet some of the people featured in the July 2016 issue of The Scientist.

Editorial

The Earth's Changing Seas
The Earth's Changing Seas
The Earth's Changing Seas
Marine pathogens flourish in oceans that are warmer and more acidic.

Speaking of Science

Notable Science Quotes
Notable Science Quotes
Notable Science Quotes
Human Genome Project-Write; viruses are alpha predators; Zika and the Olympics

Freeze Frame

Notebook

Submerged Pigs Inform Forensics
Submerged Pigs Inform Forensics
Submerged Pigs Inform Forensics
Watching the decomposition of pig carcasses anchored to the seafloor is helping forensic researchers understand what to expect of human remains dumped in the ocean.
Is Bilingualism Good for Kids?
Is Bilingualism Good for Kids?
Is Bilingualism Good for Kids?
New research suggests that raising kids in a dual-language environment might be better for their verbal development than previously realized.
 
Inside the Expedition Discovering New Coral Reefs
Inside the Expedition Discovering New Coral Reefs
Inside the Expedition Discovering New Coral Reefs
As technology takes science deeper into the world’s oceans, researchers are discovering reef systems far from warm, shallow tropical waters.
Your Office Has a Distinct Microbiome
Your Office Has a Distinct Microbiome
Your Office Has a Distinct Microbiome
Researchers detail the major factors shaping the microbiomes that surround us while we work.

Modus Operandi

A New Way to ID Targets of RNA-Binding Proteins
A New Way to ID Targets of RNA-Binding Proteins
A New Way to ID Targets of RNA-Binding Proteins
The catalytic domain of an RNA-editing enzyme is fused with RNA-binding proteins.

The Literature

A New Role for Marine Archaea
A New Role for Marine Archaea
A New Role for Marine Archaea
Researchers discover acetogenesis in archaea, suggesting an important role for these little-studied organisms in generating organic carbon below the seafloor.
Multicellular Cooperation Curbs Cheating
Multicellular Cooperation Curbs Cheating
Multicellular Cooperation Curbs Cheating
An experimental evolution study shows that more cheaters arise when bread mold fungal cells are less related to one another.

Profile

Peter Tyack: Marine Mammal Communications
Peter Tyack: Marine Mammal Communications
Peter Tyack: Marine Mammal Communications
The University of St. Andrews behavioral ecologist studies the social structures and behaviors of whales and dolphins, recording and analyzing their acoustic communications.

Scientist to Watch

Tessa Hill Wants to Save the Bivalves
Tessa Hill Wants to Save the Bivalves
Tessa Hill Wants to Save the Bivalves
The UC Davis oceanographer reconstructs ancient climate and studies the present impacts of global warming in an attempt to stave off environmental damage.

Lab Tools

Composite Endpoints in Clinical Trials
Composite Endpoints in Clinical Trials
Composite Endpoints in Clinical Trials
There’s a right way and a wrong way to boost the statistical sensitivity of this type of clinical studies.
The Genetic Components of Rare Diseases
The Genetic Components of Rare Diseases
The Genetic Components of Rare Diseases
Techniques for determining which genes or genetic variants are truly detrimental

Careers

Learning Bioinformatics
Learning Bioinformatics
Learning Bioinformatics
In today’s data-heavy research environment, wet-lab scientists can benefit from new computational skills.

Reading Frames

Metabolic Syndrome, Research, and Race
Metabolic Syndrome, Research, and Race
Metabolic Syndrome, Research, and Race
Scientists who study the lifestyle disorder must do a better job of incorporating political and social science into their work.

Capsule Reviews

Hot Off the Presses
Hot Off the Presses
Hot Off the Presses
The Scientist reviews Serendipity, Complexity, The Human Superorgasism, and Love and Ruin

Foundations

First Photo of Intact Giant Squid, 1874
First Photo of Intact Giant Squid, 1874
First Photo of Intact Giant Squid, 1874
Moses Harvey’s photograph brought the mysterious creature out of legend and into science.