Features

Immune System Maintains Brain Health
Immune System Maintains Brain Health
Amanda B. Keener | Nov 1, 2016
Once thought only to attack neurons, immune cells turn out to be vital for central nervous system function.
Viruses of the Human Body
Viruses of the Human Body
Eric Delwart | Nov 1, 2016
Some of our resident viruses may be beneficial.
2016 Life Sciences Salary Survey
2016 Life Sciences Salary Survey
Karen Zusi | Nov 1, 2016
Most researchers feel stimulated by their work but are dissatisfied with their compensation, according to this year’s results.

Contributors

Contributors
Contributors
Contributors
Meet some of the people featured in the November 2016 issue of The Scientist.

Editorial

Nosing Around
Nosing Around
Nosing Around
Covering neuroscience research means choosing from an embarrassment of riches.

Speaking of Science

Notable Science Quotes
Notable Science Quotes
Notable Science Quotes
Nobel's diversity problem, Brexit and science, letters of recommendation skew sexist, and NIH's public perception troubles

Notebook

Seals Help Oceanographers Explore Underwater
Seals Help Oceanographers Explore Underwater
Seals Help Oceanographers Explore Underwater
Data collected by elephant seals in Antarctic waters provide a closer look at the processes driving ocean circulation.
Neuron Populations Involved in Mouse Olfaction Change Over Time
Neuron Populations Involved in Mouse Olfaction Change Over Time
Neuron Populations Involved in Mouse Olfaction Change Over Time
Male mice exposed to females, their urine, or a chemical in their urine lost sensory neurons in their vomeronasal organs that respond to that chemical.
Neurometabolic Disorders Could Contribute to Depression
Neurometabolic Disorders Could Contribute to Depression
Neurometabolic Disorders Could Contribute to Depression
Impairments in the production of neurotransmitters may lead to depression in some patients, preliminary results show, opening new avenues for research.

Online First

Opinion: Toot Your Horn
Opinion: Toot Your Horn
Opinion: Toot Your Horn
Why (and how) scientists should advocate for their research with journalists and policymakers

Critic at Large

Opinion: Aging, Just Another Disease
Opinion: Aging, Just Another Disease
Opinion: Aging, Just Another Disease
No longer considered an inevitability, growing older should be and is being treated like a chronic condition. 

Modus Operandi

Neural Connectome Method Uses mRNA Barcodes
Neural Connectome Method Uses mRNA Barcodes
Neural Connectome Method Uses mRNA Barcodes
Researchers swap microscopy for RNA sequencing to track neural paths in the mouse brain.
 

The Literature

Neural Network Found That Helps Control Breathing
Neural Network Found That Helps Control Breathing
Neural Network Found That Helps Control Breathing
The results suggest that breathing is orchestrated by three—rather than two—excitatory circuits in the medulla.
Antarctic Bacteria Latch Onto Ice with Molecular Fishing Rod
Antarctic Bacteria Latch Onto Ice with Molecular Fishing Rod
Antarctic Bacteria Latch Onto Ice with Molecular Fishing Rod
Researchers describe the first known bacterial adhesion molecule that binds to frozen water. 
Neuron Signaling Persists, Faintly, Even When Key Presynaptic Proteins Are Absent
Neuron Signaling Persists, Faintly, Even When Key Presynaptic Proteins Are Absent
Neuron Signaling Persists, Faintly, Even When Key Presynaptic Proteins Are Absent
Results from experiments in mice revise a long-held hypothesis that certain protein scaffolds are needed for synaptic activity.

Profile

Time, Flies
Time, Flies
Time, Flies
By studying the sleep-wake cycle of fruit flies, Amita Sehgal is revealing how the body’s circadian and sleep rhythms are regulated.

Scientist to Watch

Lab Tools

Assessing the Behavior of Lab Animals
Assessing the Behavior of Lab Animals
Assessing the Behavior of Lab Animals
Advances in cage design and monitoring software allow the collection of more realistic data.
Live Imaging Using Light-Sheet Microscopy
Live Imaging Using Light-Sheet Microscopy
Live Imaging Using Light-Sheet Microscopy
How to make the most of this rapidly developing technique and a look at what's on the horizon

Careers

Social Media Accelerates Science
Social Media Accelerates Science
Social Media Accelerates Science
How researchers are taking advantage of Twitter and other forums to do, share, and discuss research

Reading Frames

Can Science Crack Consciousness?
Can Science Crack Consciousness?
Can Science Crack Consciousness?
Researchers seek to disentangle the complexity of the human mind from a cross-disciplinary perspective, but the phenomenon may be out of the reach of human understanding.

Foundations

Two-Photon Microscopy’s Historic Influence on Neuroscience
Two-Photon Microscopy’s Historic Influence on Neuroscience
Two-Photon Microscopy’s Historic Influence on Neuroscience
In the 1990s, the development of this gentler and more precise microscopy method improved scientists’ ability to probe neurons’ activity and anatomy.