Scientists Discover “Gorditas” and Other Novel Brain Cell Types
Scientists Discover “Gorditas” and Other Novel Brain Cell Types
A pool of neural stem cells that ordinarily lies dormant in the brains of adult mice spawns two types of never-before-documented glial cells when artificially reactivated, potentially pointing to a novel mechanism of brain plasticity.
Scientists Discover “Gorditas” and Other Novel Brain Cell Types
Scientists Discover “Gorditas” and Other Novel Brain Cell Types

A pool of neural stem cells that ordinarily lies dormant in the brains of adult mice spawns two types of never-before-documented glial cells when artificially reactivated, potentially pointing to a novel mechanism of brain plasticity.

A pool of neural stem cells that ordinarily lies dormant in the brains of adult mice spawns two types of never-before-documented glial cells when artificially reactivated, potentially pointing to a novel mechanism of brain plasticity.

astrocyte
T Cells and Neurons Talk to Each Other
T Cells and Neurons Talk to Each Other
Ashley Yeager | Oct 1, 2020
Conversations between the immune and central nervous systems are proving to be essential for the healthy social behavior, learning, and memory.
Infographic: How Cytokines Flow into and out of the Brain
Infographic: How Cytokines Flow into and out of the Brain
Ashley Yeager | Oct 1, 2020
Several routes exist for immune cells to communicate with neurons in the central nervous system, though T cells rarely come in direct contact with neural tissue.
Astrocytes, Not Just Neurons, Play a Role in Sleep
Astrocytes, Not Just Neurons, Play a Role in Sleep
Abby Olena | Sep 24, 2020
In mice, the brain’s main glial cell type exhibits distinctive patterns of activity across the sleep-wake cycle and influences the response to sleep deprivation.
Mitochondria from Different Brain Cells Have Different Proteins
Mitochondria from Different Brain Cells Have Different Proteins
Jef Akst | Dec 1, 2019
Organelles isolated from two types of neurons and a nonneuronal astrocyte in the mouse cerebellum showed varying levels of proteins, hinting at functional differences.
Infographic: What’s in a Mitochondrion?
Infographic: What’s in a Mitochondrion?
Jef Akst | Dec 1, 2019
A study finds variations in the levels of proteins for some important processes among organelles from different brain cells.
Cellular Senescence in Astrocytes May Play Central Role in Parkinson’s Disease
Cellular Senescence in Astrocytes May Play Central Role in Parkinson’s Disease
Katarina Zimmer | Jan 24, 2018
The elimination of these glia in the mouse brain ameliorated the development of Parkinsonian neuropathologies induced by the pesticide toxin paraquat.  
Glial Ties to Persistent Pain
Glial Ties to Persistent Pain
Mark R. Hutchinson | Jan 1, 2018
Immune-like cells in the central nervous system are now recognized as key participants in the creation and maintenance of persistent pain.
Infographic: Two Pain Paths Diverge in the Body
Infographic: Two Pain Paths Diverge in the Body
Mark R. Hutchinson | Dec 31, 2017
The acute pain that results from injury or disease is very different from chronic pain.
Glia Guru
Glia Guru
Anna Azvolinsky | May 1, 2017
Ben Barres recast glial cells from supporting actors to star performers, crucial for synaptic plasticity in the brain and for preventing neurodegenerative disorders.
Bridging a Gap in the Brain
Bridging a Gap in the Brain
Ben Andrew Henry | Oct 12, 2016
Neuroscientists identify how the left and right hemispheres of the mammalian brain connect during development.
Brain Prize Winners Announced
Brain Prize Winners Announced
Catherine Offord | Mar 3, 2016
Three UK neuroscientists jointly win the €1 million European Brain Prize for their work on memory.
Adjustable Brain Cells
Adjustable Brain Cells
Ruth Williams | Feb 18, 2016
Neighboring neurons can manipulate astrocytes. 
Neurons from Glia In Vivo
Neurons from Glia In Vivo
Kerry Grens | Oct 19, 2015
Scientists present new recipes for directly converting glial cells to neurons in mouse brains.
Into the Limelight
Into the Limelight
Kate Yandell | Oct 1, 2015
Glial cells were once considered neurons’ supporting actors, but new methods and model organisms are revealing their true importance in brain function.
Image of the Day: Amazing Astrocytes
Image of the Day: Amazing Astrocytes
The Scientist Staff | May 19, 2015
They aren't neurons, but in rats, glial cells in the brain called astrocytes (red) play a major role in repetitive motions like chewing and breathing.
Leptin’s Effects
Leptin’s Effects
Kerry Grens | Jun 2, 2014
The hormone leptin, which signals fullness to animals, acts not only through neurons but through glia, too.
Neurons On Demand
Neurons On Demand
Abby Olena | Jan 1, 2014
Astrocytes in the adult mouse brain can be reprogrammed into neuronal precursors, then neurons, in vivo.
Mice Learn Faster with Human Glia
Mice Learn Faster with Human Glia
Dan Cossins | Mar 7, 2013
Mice with human brain cells showed enhanced synaptic plasticity and learning, suggesting glia may be key to our cognitive prowess.
 
What Causes Alzheimer’s?
W. Sue T. Griffin | Sep 1, 2011
Researchers and pharma companies have tried to attack this disease by reducing amyloid plaques, but inflammation may be the real culprit.