Q&A: Health of 9/11 First Responders 20 Years Later
Q&A: Health of 9/11 First Responders 20 Years Later
The Scientist spoke with Rachel Zeig-Owens, the director of epidemiology for the World Trade Center Health Program, about what scientists have learned after two decades of studying illness and disease among survivors.
Q&A: Health of 9/11 First Responders 20 Years Later
Q&A: Health of 9/11 First Responders 20 Years Later

The Scientist spoke with Rachel Zeig-Owens, the director of epidemiology for the World Trade Center Health Program, about what scientists have learned after two decades of studying illness and disease among survivors.

The Scientist spoke with Rachel Zeig-Owens, the director of epidemiology for the World Trade Center Health Program, about what scientists have learned after two decades of studying illness and disease among survivors.

autoimmune disease
Mouse Study Suggests Fibromyalgia Has Autoimmune Roots
Mouse Study Suggests Fibromyalgia Has Autoimmune Roots
Annie Melchor | Jul 2, 2021
When researchers injected mice with antibodies from fibromyalgia patients, the animals developed symptoms of the disease—suggesting that it may be controlled by the immune system, not the nervous system.
Sex Differences in Immune Responses to Viral Infection
Sex Differences in Immune Responses to Viral Infection
Catherine Offord | Mar 1, 2021
Stronger interferon production, greater T cell activation, and increased susceptibility to autoimmunity are just some of the ways that females seem to differ from males.
Noel Rose, Who Demonstrated Autoimmunity Exists, Dies at 92
Noel Rose, Who Demonstrated Autoimmunity Exists, Dies at 92
Amanda Heidt | Aug 10, 2020
The Johns Hopkins University researcher bucked the prevailing idea that the body would not launch an immune response against its own tissues, and in doing so established an entirely new scientific discipline.
Could COVID-19 Trigger Chronic Disease in Some People?
Could COVID-19 Trigger Chronic Disease in Some People?
Katarina Zimmer | Jul 17, 2020
A handful of viruses have been associated with long-term, debilitating symptoms in a subset of those who become infected. Early signs hint that SARS-CoV-2 may do the same.
Identified: Molecular Predictors of Rheumatoid Arthritis Relapse
Identified: Molecular Predictors of Rheumatoid Arthritis Relapse
Ruth Williams | Jul 15, 2020
The presence of a particular set of RNAs in the blood forewarns of an onset of severe symptoms and points to the cells involved.
MS Relief During Pregnancy Tied to Changes in T Cell Types
MS Relief During Pregnancy Tied to Changes in T Cell Types
Ashley P. Taylor | Nov 15, 2019
Many dominant T cell variants decline during pregnancy and reappear afterward, possibly explaining why relapses of the autoimmune disease are less common when women are expecting.
Northwestern University Stem Cell Therapy Clinic Closes Abruptly
Northwestern University Stem Cell Therapy Clinic Closes Abruptly
Katarina Zimmer | Sep 6, 2019
A Chicago-based center that has long operated a clinical trial program for stem cell therapies, has stopped recruiting further patients as its chief, Richard Burt, leaves for a research sabbatical.
Image of the Day: White Blood Cell Webs
Image of the Day: White Blood Cell Webs
Emily Makowski | Sep 5, 2019
Neutrophil extracellular traps may hold clues to the cause of skin lesions in patients with a painful condition called hidradenitis suppurativa.
Do Commensal Microbes Stoke the Fire of Autoimmunity?
Do Commensal Microbes Stoke the Fire of Autoimmunity?
Amanda B. Keener | Jun 1, 2019
Molecules produced by resident bacteria and their hosts may signal immune cells to attack the body’s own tissues.
Infographic: Commensal Mimicry in Autoimmune Disease
Infographic: Commensal Mimicry in Autoimmune Disease
Amanda B. Keener | Jun 1, 2019
Antigens originating from the microbiome may trigger an autoimmune response.
Three Studies Track People’s Microbiomes Through Health and Disease
Three Studies Track People’s Microbiomes Through Health and Disease
Emma Yasinski | May 29, 2019
The second phase of the Human Microbiome Project reports on microbial composition in prediabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, and pregnancy.
CAR T Cells Treat Lupus in Mice
CAR T Cells Treat Lupus in Mice
Abby Olena | Mar 6, 2019
T cells modified to target disease-contributing B cells improved survival in two mouse models of the autoimmune disease.
Immune Response to Gut Microbes Linked to Diabetes Risk
Immune Response to Gut Microbes Linked to Diabetes Risk
Abby Olena | Feb 1, 2019
Researchers find that it’s not just high-risk genes, but how children’s bodies respond to their own intestinal microbiota that relates to future diagnoses of type 1 diabetes.
Drop in Infant Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Rotavirus Vaccination
Drop in Infant Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Rotavirus Vaccination
Catherine Offord | Jan 23, 2019
Results from an observational study find that the introduction of a routine vaccine in Australia coincided with a fall in the incidence of the autoimmune condition.
Mouse Pups Infected With Zika Show Symptoms Into Adulthood
Mouse Pups Infected With Zika Show Symptoms Into Adulthood
Ashley Yeager | Jun 6, 2018
The results suggest the virus could severely alter brain development in infants infected after birth, but blocking a signaling protein early on might ease certain symptoms.
Drug for Still’s Disease Shows Promise in Phase 2 Trial
Drug for Still’s Disease Shows Promise in Phase 2 Trial
Shawna Williams | Mar 1, 2018
Patients with the rare autoimmune condition, highlighted in the Oscar-nominated film The Big Sick, currently have limited treatment options.
Immune Checkpoint Found Lacking in Type 1 Diabetes
Immune Checkpoint Found Lacking in Type 1 Diabetes
Ruth Williams | Nov 15, 2017
Boosting levels of a the immunosuppressive protein PD-L1 in blood stem cells halts diabetes in a mouse model of the disease.
Immunotherapy Promising for Diabetes: Study
Immunotherapy Promising for Diabetes: Study
Aggie Mika | Aug 9, 2017
A small clinical trial demonstrates that peptide immunotherapy can halt the progression of early-stage type 1 diabetes.