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a human neuron illuminated in bright green on a black background
Mitochondrial Metabolism Dictates Neurons’ Growth Rate
Altering the rate of respiration in mitochondria changes how fast neurons grow, and making mouse neurons grow humanlike ones, a study finds. 
Mitochondrial Metabolism Dictates Neurons’ Growth Rate
Mitochondrial Metabolism Dictates Neurons’ Growth Rate

Altering the rate of respiration in mitochondria changes how fast neurons grow, and making mouse neurons grow humanlike ones, a study finds. 

Altering the rate of respiration in mitochondria changes how fast neurons grow, and making mouse neurons grow humanlike ones, a study finds. 

neuronal plasticity
panel depicting mossy fiber synapses and glutamate signaling dynamics
Infographic: Reverse Signaling Between Neurons
Christie Wilcox, PhD | Jun 4, 2021 | 1 min read
So-called mossy fiber synapses in the hippocampus can meter the amount of neurotransmitter they receive by sending glutamate against the usual direction of synaptic flow.
artistic representation of a neuron synapse with light and dark dots passing between two axons
Hippocampal Cell Communication Is Bidirectional: Study
Christie Wilcox, PhD | Jun 4, 2021 | 6 min read
In an unexpected twist in neuroscience dogma, the cells on the receiving end of neurotransmission appear to be able to release glutamate to regulate the transmitting cell’s activity.
Mouse Moms’ Behavior Affects Pups’ Genome Structures
Abby Olena, PhD | Mar 22, 2018 | 3 min read
Mice who get less attention from their mothers have more copies of a common retrotransposon in the genomes of their hippocampal neurons.
Advancing Techniques Reveal the Brain’s Impressive Diversity
Sara B. Linker, Fred H. Gage, and Tracy A. Bedrosian | Nov 1, 2017 | 10+ min read
No two neurons are alike. What does that mean for brain function?
Infographic: Understanding Our Diverse Brain
Fred H. Gage, Tracy A. Bedrosian, and Sara B. Linker | Oct 31, 2017 | 2 min read
Recent advances in single-cell omics and other techniques are revealing variation at genomic, epigenomic, transcriptomic, and posttranscriptomic levels.
Neuron Populations Involved in Mouse Olfaction Change Over Time
Jef Akst | Nov 1, 2016 | 4 min read
Male mice exposed to females, their urine, or a chemical in their urine lost sensory neurons in their vomeronasal organs that respond to that chemical.
Nascent Neurons Journey Through Newborn Brain
Anna Azvolinsky | Oct 6, 2016 | 4 min read
Young cells make their way to the frontal lobe to create new circuits in the brains of infants, researchers report. 
Do Schizophrenic Brains Repair Themselves?
Jef Akst | Aug 1, 2016 | 3 min read
Preliminary research suggests that the brains of schizophrenia patients may regain tissue mass as the illness wears on.
Golden Goose Awards for Unusual Research
Karen Zusi | Sep 16, 2015 | 2 min read
This year’s honors go to researchers who mapped human populations, showed spots to cats, and offered children marshmallows to examine the kids’ patience and self-control.
Epigenetic Mechanism Tunes Brain Cells
Amanda B. Keener | Jul 2, 2015 | 2 min read
Regular replacement of histones in human and murine neurons is required for neuronal plasticity, a study shows.
Genome Digest
Jenny Rood | Apr 16, 2015 | 6 min read
What researchers are learning as they sequence, map, and decode species’ genomes
Turning Back the Brain’s Clock
Anna Azvolinsky | Oct 15, 2014 | 4 min read
The brain’s ability to make new neural connections can be restored in mice by blocking a protein that normally acts as a natural brake on neuroplasticity. 
Seeing with Sound
Jef Akst | Mar 10, 2014 | 2 min read
Converting sights to sounds reveals that the brains of congenitally blind people respond similarly to various objects as those of subjects who can see.
Branching Out
Dan Cossins | Apr 1, 2013 | 2 min read
Satellites of the Golgi apparatus generate the microtubules used to grow outer dendrite branches in Drosophila neurons.
Prions Involved in Learning
Edyta Zielinska | Feb 15, 2013 | 1 min read
Properly folded prions aid in normal brain development.
Rita Levi-Montalcini Dies
Kelly Rae Chi | Jan 1, 2013 | 3 min read
The neurophysiologist who earned a Nobel Prize for discovering nerve growth factor has passed away at age 103.
The Pliable Brain
Christina Karns | Sep 1, 2012 | 4 min read
Altered touch perception in deaf people may reveal individual differences in brain plasticity.
Active Brains Help Heal Paralysis
Sabrina Richards | May 31, 2012 | 4 min read
Engaging the brain with cognitive tasks helps paralyzed rats walk again.
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