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bright green plant cells in long diagonal rows
Plant Biologist Jane Silverthorne Dies at 69
Silverthorne shaped the development of many NSF programs driving innovation in plant biology and agriculture. 
Plant Biologist Jane Silverthorne Dies at 69
Plant Biologist Jane Silverthorne Dies at 69

Silverthorne shaped the development of many NSF programs driving innovation in plant biology and agriculture. 

Silverthorne shaped the development of many NSF programs driving innovation in plant biology and agriculture. 

photoreceptors
Drawing of a mouse scratching itself after watching a video of a different mouse scratching itself.
Specialized Brain Circuit Makes Mice Itchy When They See Others Scratch
Dan Robitzski | Oct 12, 2022 | 4 min read
A previously undetected pathway in the mouse brain bypasses the visual cortex to directly activate contagious itch.
a drawing of black goggles receiving a beam of light than is then transmitted to an eyeball. from the retina there is a zoom-in of blue and purple cells and purple viruses
Blind Patient Recovers Partial Vision with Optogenetics
Alejandra Manjarrez, PhD | May 24, 2021 | 4 min read
After receiving an intraocular injection of the gene for a light-sensitive protein, a 58-year-old man diagnosed with the neurodegenerative eye disease retinitis pigmentosa was able to locate objects on a table using engineered goggles.
illustration of different cells types in retina
Cones Derived from Human Stem Cells Help Mice See: Study
Marcus A. Banks | Apr 23, 2021 | 3 min read
Researchers insert functioning cone photoreceptors into the retinas of mice with advanced eye disease, improving their vision.
spinyfin Diretmus argenteus deep sea vision fish photopigment opsin
This Deep-Sea Fish Has the Most Types of Opsins Among Vertebrates
Katarina Zimmer | May 9, 2019 | 4 min read
The silver spinyfin has an extraordinary diversity of rod photopigments, which researchers propose may allow it to see color in the deep, dark sea.
Nanoparticles Let Mice See Near Infrared Light
Abby Olena, PhD | Feb 28, 2019 | 4 min read
Researchers injected the retinas of mice with nanoparticles that bound to photoreceptors and converted near-infrared light to green light that the animals could see.
Image of the Day: Retinal Transplant
Kerry Grens | Nov 7, 2018 | 1 min read
Blind rats are made to see after sheets of cells implanted into their eyes make themselves at home.
Image of Day: Retinas from Scratch
Ashley Yeager | Oct 12, 2018 | 1 min read
Human eye organoids could help scientists develop therapies for colorblindness.
Reprogrammed Müller Glia Restore Vision in Mice
Ashley Yeager | Aug 15, 2018 | 4 min read
A double gene-transfer therapy transformed the non-neuronal cells into rod photoreceptors in the retinas of animal models of congenital blindness.
Image of the Day: Eyes from the Deep 
The Scientist Staff and The Scientist Staff | Nov 15, 2017 | 1 min read
Scientists have discovered a new type of eye cell in a deep-sea fish species.
What the Sun Does to Photoreceptors
Catherine Offord | Aug 16, 2017 | 4 min read
Optometrist and eclipse-chaser Ralph Chou describes how even a partially eclipsed sun can damage the eye.
Plant Photoreceptor Doubles as a Thermometer
Ben Andrew Henry | Feb 1, 2017 | 3 min read
Warmth acts on a light-sensing protein similarly to the way shade does, setting off a growth spurt in plant seedlings.
Infographic: Dual-Purpose Photoreceptor
Ben Andrew Henry | Jan 31, 2017 | 1 min read
See how different environmental conditions affect the activity of a molecule sensitive to both light and temperature.
New Class of Photoreceptor Discovered in C. elegans
Ben Andrew Henry | Nov 21, 2016 | 1 min read
The roundworm uses a light receptor that resembles a type of taste receptor and is better at detecting UV light than human photoreceptors.
The Colorful World of Spiders
Amanda B. Keener | May 19, 2015 | 1 min read
Specialized filters allow jumping spiders to see more colors than scientists previously thought.
The Eye
The Scientist Staff | Oct 1, 2014 | 1 min read
An overview of visual processing
An Eye for Detail
Anna Azvolinsky | Oct 1, 2014 | 9 min read
Vision researcher John Dowling has spent a lifetime studying the neural architecture of the retina. He is closing his laboratory after 53 years, opting to extend these studies as a postdoc.
Cone Cell Correctors
Jyoti Madhusoodanan | Oct 1, 2014 | 2 min read
In mice, adult cone cell outer segments and their visual functions deteriorate if two microRNAs are not present.
Guiding Light
Jyoti Madhusoodanan | Oct 1, 2014 | 2 min read
Retinal glial cells acting as optical fibers shuttle longer wavelengths of light to individual cones.
The Mantis Shrimp’s UV View
Bob Grant | Jul 7, 2014 | 1 min read
A crustacean’s eyes are tuned to ultraviolet frequencies with the help of a biological sunblock molecule.
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