Modern stem cell technologies could provide one way to sttudy human accelerated regions (HARs). Using precision gene editors to change the DNA in a chimp cell to match the sequence of a human HAR, for example, researchers can isolate the effects of that HAR.

© NOVIE STUDIO, 2016, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Take skin biopsy from a nonhuman primate.

© NOVIE STUDIO, 2016, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Reprogram skin fibroblasts into brain, heart, or liver cells.

© NOVIE STUDIO, 2016, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Edit the DNA of a specific chimp HAR to match the human sequence.

© NOVIE STUDIO, 2016, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Test the cells for differences in gene expression.

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